Jacquard fabric is a popular fabric best known for the unique woven raised patterns it comes with. The loom process applied to create the weave allows the warp thread to raise independently. And more importantly, the design is not printed or dyed on the fabric. Instead, it is incorporated through weaving. The process is versatile and more controlled.
So, where did the name Jacquard come from? Well, it is inspired by the name of the person who invented the loom attachment - Joseph Marie Jacquard.
Currently, Jacquard patterns have gained more popularity and become more wearable choices compared to those printed designs. And its luster stays longer. Make your selection from several styles and colors. Sometimes there can be other materials too, for example, wool, silk, or even cotton.
Origin of the Jacquard Weave
The jacquard weave connects brocade. Linens, Byzantium, and Wools were woven together into intricate patterns in the 4th century to make this fabric. And in the 6th century, brocade become more and more luxurious when silk weaving was introduced. Then, craftsmen began weave silk into brocades, tapestry, and damasks fabrics for royalty.
But then, what comes to notice is that only the nobility and very rich could afford brocade. This way, the trend stopped sooner. And once again, now, the love for brocade continued to Renaissance.
Brocades were being woven by hand on a large loom. Usually, two people work on the looms – the draw boy and weaver. The process was a little bit slower while extremely labour intensive.
By the 1700s, so many people in France have tried to come up with a better version of loom for this fabric. And then, it was Joseph Marie Jacquard who developed the first-hand jacquard loom attachment. He was a former draw boy who regularly worked 6-8 hours on the older loom process.
By the late 1700s, machines could handle repetitive tasks. However, the artist’s touch was somewhat necessary since the design was complicated. They had to program the machine manually to change the design. It, of course, depends on the pattern line of design to be created. And Jacquard brings the simple solution. The final version of it was released in 1804.
The electronic Jacquard looms reached in the 1980s. And today, computer programming has replaced the punch card programming mechanism of Jacquard. It allows the more complicated design to get done more easily. Yet, the fabrics produced from the process are still named Jacquard.
Modern-day jacquard incorporates several fibers, such as natural cotton, polyester-cotton blends, polyester, and silk. But the construction process has remained the same. It typically has a complex design, thicker and stronger than some weave types.
Jacquard Fabric Types
Technically, the fabric produced by a weaving process involving a weaver and looms boy and perfected by Joseph Marie Jacquard is called a jacquard fabric. It includes the weave, for example, brocades, brocatelle, damask, and tapestries.
Because of the thickness and texture, these fabrics are commonly used in home goods and upholstery and used in the fashion industry worldwide.
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