Ikat fabrics are always a popular choice because of their unparalleled beauty and distinct style. If you have used even a single piece of cloth of Ikat, you know how unique the patterns are.
The term “ikkat” or “ikat” denotes a dyeing technique that creates this unique design. The resist dyeing method use bundles of yarn that are tightly wrapped together to be dyed as many times as it needs to get the desired pattern. The dyeing method is dissimilar since the yarns are dyed first and then get woven into the cloth.
Now, let’s have a look at the types of Ikat weaving techniques below.
TYPES OF IKAT
There are generally three different Ikat weaving techniques - warp ikat, weft ikat, and double ikat. The patterns depend on the yarns. Read up to the end to get the details.
In the making of warp ikat, the warp yarns solid colours are used for dyeing. The pattern is more likely to be clearly visible as the threads are wound on the loom. The weaving solidifies the colour and also completes the formation of the pattern.
In this type of ikat, the treads are ikat dyed. The weaving of this kind of ikat is more challenging compared to warp ikat since the pattern gets on the fabric as the weaving progresses. It means the weaver constantly centre and readjust its yarns and make sure the pattern is shaped right.
It is the most complicated technique of these three where both weft and warp threads get resist-dyed before weaving. It requires advanced skill that takes time and additionally, most expensive too.
So, not all ikat fabrics are the same, which practically affects how they look and the cost. Learn how ikat is made right below.
- First of all, the desired pattern get hand-drawn on the yarns.
- The weaver ties the yarns, so it matches the intended pattern. Then the threads are dyed in particular colours to ensure the colour seep into the threads at the proper positions.
- The ties on the thread are untied, and the yarns get strung the loom. In wrap ikat and double ikat, the pattern arises on the loom when the process comes at this stage.
- Then the fabric is woven, and a colourful pattern of the motifs arises on it.
Some facts about Ikat fabric:
- Ikat patterns date back to the seventh century in India.
- Textile experts believe that Ikat fabric developed in parts of Indonesia and some Southeast Asian countries, such as the Philippines, Myanmar, Cambodia and Thailand.
- Ikat is often termed ‘Poetry Of The Loom’ because of its painstaking and tedious process.
- In India, Ikat is much prevalent in Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat, while also trending in other states like West Bengal.
- Ikat typically is a symbol of prestige and luxury.